Skin care: 5 tips for healthy skin
Good skin care — including sun protection and gentle cleansing
can keep your skin healthy and glowing for years to come.
By Mayo Clinic staffDon’t have time for intensive skin care? Pamper yourself with the basics. Good skin care and healthy lifestyle choices can help delay the natural aging process and prevent many skin problems. Get started with these five no-nonsense tips.
Protect yourself from the sun
The most important way to take care of your skin is to protect it from the sun. A lifetime of sun exposure can cause wrinkles, freckles, age spots and rough, dry skin. Sun exposure can also cause more-serious problems, such as skin cancer. For the most complete sun protection:
- Avoid the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. This is when the sun’s rays are the strongest.
- Wear protective clothing. Cover your skin with tightly woven long-sleeved shirts, long pants and wide-brimmed hats. You might also opt for special sun-protective clothing, which is specifically designed to block ultraviolet rays while keeping you cool and comfortable.
- Use sunscreen when you’re in the sun. Apply generous amounts of broad-spectrum sunscreen 30 minutes before going outdoors and reapply every two hours, after heavy sweating or after being in water.
Smoking makes your skin look older and contributes to wrinkles. Smoking narrows the tiny blood vessels in the outermost layers of skin, which decreases blood flow. This depletes the skin of oxygen and nutrients, such as vitamin A, that are important to skin health. Smoking also damages collagen and elastin — fibers that give your skin its strength and elasticity. In addition, the repetitive facial expressions you make when smoking — such as pursing your lips when inhaling and squinting your eyes to keep out smoke — may contribute to wrinkles.
If you smoke, the best way to protect your skin is to quit. Ask your doctor for tips or treatments to help you stop smoking.
Treat your skin gently
Daily cleansing and shaving can take a toll on your skin, so keep it gentle
Avoid strong soaps. Strong soaps can strip oil from your skin. Instead, choose mild cleansers.
Limit bath time. Hot water and long showers or baths remove oils from your skin. Limit your bath or shower time, and use warm — rather than hot — water.
Pat dry. After washing or bathing, gently pat or blot your skin dry with a towel so that some moisture remains on your skin.
Shave carefully. To protect and lubricate your skin, apply shaving cream, lotion or gel before shaving. For the closest shave, use a clean, sharp razor. Shave in the direction the hair grows, not against it.
Moisturize dry skin. Find a moisturizer that fits your skin type and makes your skin look and feel soft.
Eat a healthy diet
A healthy diet can help you look and feel your best. Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and lean proteins. The association between diet and acne isn’t clear — but research suggests that a diet rich in vitamin C and low in fats and carbohydrates may promote younger looking skin.
Uncontrolled stress can make your skin more sensitive and trigger acne breakouts and other skin problems. To encourage healthy skin — and a healthy state of mind — takes steps to manage your stress. Set reasonable limits, scale back your to-do list and make time to do the things you enjoy. The results may be more dramatic than you expect.
Here are the five different skin types and their characteristics.
- Type 1: Oily Oily skin tends to shiny with enlarged pores, and is prone to blackheads and blemishes. You might experience some tightness.
- Type 2: Combination/normal This skin type has medium pores, a smooth and even texture, good circulation, healthy color, may tend toward dryness on the cheeks while being oily in the t-zone.
- Type 3: Sensitive Sensitive skin tends to be thin, delicate with fine pores. It flushes easily, is prone to broken capillaries, is frequently allergic and can be rashy.
- Type 4: Dry Dry skin feels tight, especially after cleansing. You have a tendency towards fine wrinkles, flaking and red patches. In women of color, skin may appear ashy or dull from dead skin buildup.
- Type 5: Aging or sun-damaged This skin also feels tight with visible wrinkles, slack skin tone — especially around the cheeks and jawline — with leathery texture and broken capillaries.
There are five basic skin care types: Oily, combination, sensitive, dry and sun-damaged. Your skin type is determined by how much — or how little — oil your skin produces. Genes, diet, stress level, medication and even your skincare regimen all determine how much oil your skin produces.
To learn more about skin, there are few good book, you should check out Rona Berg book.
Rona Berg, in her book,Beauty the new Basics” details the five different skin types. Here’s how to tell what skin type you have.
Berg suggests you take the “skin test.” Wash your face, pat it dry, then take a few pieces of rice paper or lens-cleaning tissue paper and press on different spots on your face. If your skin is oily, the paper will stick, pick up oily spots and become translucent. If the paper doesn’t stick or pick up any oily spots, your skin is dry. If it sticks in your t-zone (forehead, nose and chin) then you have combination (or normal) skin. About 70 percent of women have combination skin. Here is some natural skin spas secret to make at home. As you know this days everyone is going green, it’s better for our environment and for the protection of our skin.
Every time you have some free time at home I will recommend you to try this application to help you relax and have a healthy and great skin.
Citrus Milk Bath
Cleopatra was famous for bathing in milk’s natural beauty-enchancing properties. Rich in protein, calcium and vitamin, milk is easily absorbed by the skin, leaving it smooth and moisturized. It also help ease nervous tension and restlessness. The lavender and citrus peel in this bath formula stimulate the circulatory system and add a wonderfully luxuriant aroma to the treatment.
1 Cup dried milk powder( if you have oily skin, use nonfat milk)
1/4 Cup orange peels
1/4 Cup lemon peels
4 Drops lavender essential oil
Draw a warm water bath and while water is flowing slowly add dried milk, orange and lemon peels and lavender oil. Soak for 20 minutes. Pat dry and moisturize.
Carrot, Avocado and cream nourishing mask.
The Combination of carrot (high in beta-carotene and anti-oxident vitamins), heavy cream( high in calcium and protein) and avocado( a rich source of vitamin E) in this facial mask will improve skin texture, diminish age spots and rebuild skin collagen when used with regularity.
1/2 Cup heavy cream
1 Carrot, cooked and mashed
1 Avocado, peeled, pitted and mashed
3 Tablespoons honey
Combine ingredients in a bowl and spread over face and neck. Relax for 15 minutes. Rinse with cool water.
PS: The thicker the clay of the mask, the intense the action on the skin.
An avocado pit makes a natural massage tool: rub it and roll it against your skin to soothe tired muscles.
Green Tea Tonic
This simple tonic cleanses, tone and soothes. It is recommended for aging and tired skin.
2 Teaspoons powdered green tea
1/2 Cup boiling water
Steep green tea in boiling water for 10 minutes and allow to cool. Apply tonic to face with cotton or gauze. Use daily for best result